22% of women and 14% of men age 15–49 years have never attended school. During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was major world trading nation and was often referred by the Europeans as the richest country with which to trade. [2] The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. In the 16th century, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal. Basirhat is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South East Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. Post independence, West Bengal's economy is based on agricultural production and small and medium-sized enterprises. [175] In modern times, Jibanananda Das has been acknowledged as "the premier poet of the post-Tagore era in India". Its area is 88,752 sq km and density is 1100 people per sq km. [202], Durga Puja is the biggest, most popular and widely celebrated festival in West Bengal. [141] There are also private bus companies. [156] The Hindu population of West Bengal is 64,385,546 while the Muslim population is 24,654,825, according to the 2011 census. Abanindranath Tagore, called the father of modern Indian art, started the Bengal School of Art, one of whose goals was to promote the development of styles of art outside the European realist tradition that had been taught in art colleges under the British colonial administration. Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable. Hingalganj is a Census Town city in district of North Twenty Four Parganas, West Bengal. India’s solitary Chinatown is placed in eastern Kolkata. [213], West Bengal has eighteen universities. POPULATION OF KOLKATA IN 2019: To find out the actual population of Kolkata in the year 2019, the population figures of the last 5 years has to be taken into account. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 812 which is 9.93 % of total population of Hingalganj (CT). Darjeeling's schools include: St. Paul's, St. Joseph's North Point, Goethals Memorial School, and Dow Hill in Kurseong. Their social reforms eventually led to a cultural atmosphere that made it possible for practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination, or untouchability, to be abolished. [154] Buddhism remains a prominent religion in the Himalayan region of the Darjeeling hills; almost the entirety of West Bengal's Buddhist population is from this region. [27] Several Vedic realms were present in the Bengal region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Suhma Kingdom. [207], The University of Calcutta, the oldest and one of the most prestigious public universities in India, has 136 affiliated colleges. School attendance is almost Rice, potato, jute, sugarcane and wheat are the state's top five crops. For West Bengal, Delhi, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Punjab, it is “closing now”--2021 being the outer date--according to a 2018 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in the Indian state of West Bengal with approximately 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as of 2011). Vernacular newspapers such as those in Hindi, Nepali, Gujarati, Odia, Urdu and Punjabi are also read by a select readership. [116], In 2015–2016, percentage share of Gross Value Added (GVA) at factor cost by economic activity at constant price (base year 2011–2012) was Agriculture-Forestry and Fishery—4.84%, Industry 18.51% and Services 66.65%. Handlooms are a popular way for the state's rural population to earn a living through weaving. Eventually, every year the population increases by 0.1112 Million. A shorter reign of the Hindu Sena dynasty followed. [206], Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal. [119] The Durgapur-Asansol colliery belt is home to a number of steel plants. The famous festival is undoubtedly Durga Puja and it is commended in the month of September-October. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. West Bengal has a long tradition of folk literature, evidenced by the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries; Mangalkavya, a collection of Hindu narrative poetry composed around the 13th century; Shreekrishna Kirtana, a pastoral Vaishnava drama in verse composed by Boru Chandidas; Thakurmar Jhuli, a collection of Bengali folk and fairy tales compiled by Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumder; and stories of Gopal Bhar, a court jester in medieval Bengal. They are as follows: By checking out the population of West Bengal from 2014-18, it is evident that the population has gone up by 2.1992 Million in the previous 5 years. The Marwari’s and Bihari people can actually be found in various corners of the state and also different indigenous Buddhist communities like Sherpas and ethnic Tibetans can be found around the hills of Darjeeling. Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving. [207], Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town. From the 3rd to the 6th centuries CE, the kingdom of Magadha served as the seat of the Gupta Empire. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. It consisted of several janapadas, or kingdoms. [125], However, over the years due to effective changes in the stance towards industrialisation, ease of doing business has improved in West Bengal. Desserts incorporate a fundamental spot in the eating regimen of Bengali’s and at their social events. [96], 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. [230] Other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti. [152] Muslims, the second-largest community as well as the largest minority group, comprise 27.01% of the total population,[153] Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions make up the remainder. The estimated literacy level of Bolpur is 70.73%. ", "Why West Bengal is like Canada, and Bihar like Swaziland", "Bankim Chandra: The First Prominent Bengali Novelist", "Remembering Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the 'Awara Masiha, "Manik Bandopadhyay Taking the road less travelled", "Folk & Culture : Purulia, Famous Folk Dance "Chau, "contemporaryart-india – Art History: Bengal Region", "Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation: A case study from Bangladesh", "Bengalis relish hilsa fish as imports of the Bangladeshi delicacy grow", "Resurrected, the kathi roll – Face-off resolved, Nizam's set to open with food court", "Durga Puja in India: Largest Open Air Art Expo", "Foreign bloggers and travel writers soak in Kolkata's festive spirit – Times of India", "In photos: Glimpses of a Bengali Christmas on Kolkata's Park Street", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "UGC recognised Universities in West Bengal with NAAC accreditation status", "West Bengal University of Health Sciences", "Vidyasagar college history, Glory and evolution", "Visva-Bharati: Facts and Figures at a Glance", "NAAC accredited higher educational institution s in West Bengal", "University Grants commission ::Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area", "Some of the distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta", "Bengali News Channel took 5 months to reach no.1 position", "The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicator Report April–June 2017", "Kolkata-football infrastructure is from-the past century", "Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), Kolkata", "Lionel Messi arrives in Kolkata for friendly match against Venezuela", "Poverty and social development in west bengal", "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal&oldid=999930024, Bengali-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1947, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [11] For many decades the state underwent political violence and economic stagnation. 18. The population of India is rising at alarming rate and this is why the country is known as the second most populous country in the world after China. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha[100] and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. Out of which 140334 are males while 136079 are females. The population of all cities and towns in the State … It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. [147] Surjapuri, a language considered to be a mix of Maithili and Bengali, is spoken across northern parts of the state. Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district. In 2012, Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of cattle but this population has come down by almost 4 per cent since. Current Population of West Bengal: 102,741,588: Population of West Bengal in 2019: 101,438,931: Sex Ratio in West Bengal: 952 females per 1,000 males (2018) Literacy Rate: 77.08% [124] The tourism industry of West Bengal was negatively impacted in 2017 because of the Gorkhaland agitation. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street. The state primarily dependent on agriculture and medium-sized industry, although services and heavy industries play an increasingly significant role in the economy of the country. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. [121] The state's total financial debt stood at ₹1,918,350 million (US$27 billion) as of 2011. (estimated). [191][192], The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. [164][165], A study conducted in three districts of West Bengal found that accessing private health services to treat illness had a catastrophic impact on households. As of 2014–2015, per capita NSDP at current prices was Rs 78,903. [122], In the period 2004–2010, the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 13.9% (calculated in Indian rupee terms) lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. The state accounts for the second highest population of Muslims in India (2.47 crore) and third highest, in terms of proportion (27 percent). The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. [107], The capital and largest city of the state is Kolkata—the third-largest urban agglomeration[108] and the seventh-largest city[109] in India. The estimated literacy level of Basirhat is 75.78%. The railway system is a nationalised service without any private investment. Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman. [4] In 2012, the state government passed a bill granting additional official status to Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali and Urdu in areas where speakers exceed 10% of the population. [81] The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. [110] Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar. Following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity. In all Hindu form majority religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal state. [38], Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate. [155] Major English language newspapers include The Telegraph, The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, The Statesman, The Indian Express and Asian Age. Here you can find the Population of Indian states in 2019. [207], Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. The tea industry of West Bengal has also witnessed shutdowns for financial and political reasons. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). After Indian Independence, important groups such as the Calcutta Group and the Society of Contemporary Artists were formed in Bengal and came to dominate the art scene in India. [239], West Bengal has several large stadiums. All towns in the districts of: Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Hooghly, Burdwan and East Midnapore are ODF zones, with Nadia becoming the first ODF district in the state in April 2015. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. [158] As of 2011, West Bengal had a population density of 1,029 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,670/sq mi) making it the second-most densely populated state in India, after Bihar. Rabindra Jayanti, Kolkata Book Fair, Kolkata Film Festival, and Nazrul Jayanti. [108] Siliguri is an economically important city, strategically located in the northeastern Siliguri Corridor (Chicken's Neck) of India. Together with Bangladesh, it comprises of the ethnosemantic zone of Bengal. [83], West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. The Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project devoted to conserving the endangered Bengal tiger, although the forest hosts many other endangered species such as the Gangetic dolphin, river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. [132], As of 2011, the total railway route length was around 4,481 km (2,784 mi). The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. 91,276,115. [195] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate, but following the Ghurid conquests led by Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, the Muslim faith spread across the entire Bengal region. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. [244] In 2008 legendary German goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground. [4] As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%). (1955). Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. The region was later conquered by the British East India Company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.[8][9]. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter. [120], Years after independence, West Bengal is dependent on the central government for help in meeting its demands for food; food production remained stagnant, and the Indian green revolution bypassed the state. Among men, western dress has greater acceptance. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. Panta bhat (rice soaked overnight in water) with onion and green chili is a traditional dish consumed in rural areas. Total population of rural areas of West Bengal state was 62,183,113. To conclude it, the population of West Bengal in 2019 as per estimates = 96.33904 Million. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. At the present time, the population growth is 7.48% consistently and it is in like manner beating diverse states in regards to the growing Muslim population. [69] Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment,[70] though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services,[71][72] a lack of socio-economic development,[73] poor infrastructure,[74] unemployment and civil violence. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. [163], As of September 2017, of 125 towns and cities in Bengal, 76 have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status. Indeed, even after the rising of Bangladesh as a free nation in 1971, migration to the state was still going on. [167], The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh. The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. [85] West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. This semi-urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 20.63% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 0.18%. West Bengal has emerged as the state with the largest number of cattle in 2019 (Chart 2), followed by Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. The region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and has remained one of India's great artistic and intellectual centres. [96] Above an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), the forest becomes predominantly subtropical. [33] The first recorded independent king of Bengal was Shashanka, who reigned in the early 7th century. [62] Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. [199][200], Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. [94] Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. This is based on the 2011 Census and latest estimates put it at around 30 percent of the population. [37], Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty invaded some areas of Bengal between 1021 and 1023. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. [60][61] This became a decisive reason behind the defeat of the ruling Left Front government in the 2011 assembly election. Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore. During the Bengal Sultanate, the territory was a major trading nation in the world, and was often referred by the Europeans as the "richest country to trade with". During the arrival of the monsoons, low pressure in the Bay of Bengal region often leads to the formation of storms in the coastal areas. ^ Election results 2019: Bengal votes for the BJP, breaks many stereotypes, The Hindu … The Bengal Sultanate was interrupted for twenty years by a Hindu uprising under Raja Ganesha. Kharisha is a Census Town city in district of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal. Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU. [160][161] The proportion of people living below the poverty line in 2013 was 19.98%, a decline from 31.8% a decade ago. Sweets such as narkol-naru, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared during festivals such as Lakshmi puja. [117] Agriculture is the leading economic sector in West Bengal. Today people of diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds partake in the festivities. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. The growth rate was 12.62% in 2014–2015. The Hingalganj Census Town has population of 8,179 of which 4,129 are males while 4,050 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. At Dum Dum is a part of the total population in 2010 and it is home to indigenous Adivasis! A shorter reign of the previous 5 years needs to be seen Hooghly branch of Party... 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