Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. This involved the integration of young people with special learning needs into normal schools, without taking them out of the classroom (except in very exceptional situations), but by setting up teaching experiences adapted to all of the children, whatever their needs. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. The policy further recognizes the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system. Our approach Ignorance is..». Ghana’s concept of inclusive education, however, is aligned with her FCUBE policy - increasing access, retention and participation of all students of school going age in education and not the movement and provision of education to children with disabilities in regular schools. The USAID (through terms of growth in SPEDC and observed outcomes corresponding Education Quality for All [EQUALL] project) is the main partner to ESP 2003–2015 goals for special and inclusive education. InclusIve educatIon PolIcy ImPlementatIon Plan2015 - 2019 Policy Objective 1: Improve and adapt education and related systems and structures to ensure the inclusion of all learners particularly learners with special educational needs STRATEGY ACTIONS/ ACTIVITIES INDICATORS EST. The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. Key personnel from the Ghana Education Service as well as head teachers and teachers in 1,322 basic schools have been trained in Inclusive Education. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. To promote a learner-friendly school environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided. Beginning in the 1970s there was a new policy adopted for assuring the education of these young people. «Inclusive Education is not a tragedy. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. The Strategic Our approach The Policy and its Development Process •Ghana’s IE Policy is a framework that contains a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning, implementing and monitoring IE activities on a wider scale to reach all learners with SEN in the country. Despite an overall increase in school enrolment in Ghana, some children continued to be left behind, particularly children with disabilities, who went either to segregated boarding schools or were not enrolled at all. Besides the key personnel from the Ghana Education Service (circuit supervisors, district Inclusive Education coordinators, training officers, and deputy directors), head teachers and teachers that have been trained and numerous parents have been sensitized on their roles and responsibilities to support Inclusive Education. Key policy drivers and priority interventions The key focal areas of education development in Ghana are contained in the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020. Efua Esaaba Mantey, Accessibility to inclusive education for children with disabilities, 2014: http://bit.ly/1ioOE5I, Nominated by: Auberon Jeleel ODOOM, Inclusion Ghana, Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (PDF) The development of inclusive education in Ghana has been recognized as the process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for students with disabilities. The education offered at this level, ... Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. 41 a significant barrier to the effective implementation of inclusive education in 42 South Africa. The emphasis is on changing school culture and Key amongst other policies developed under the custodianship of the Ministry of Education/GES, which complements and creates enabling environment for effective education service delivery is the Inclusive Education Policy Framework, which provides opportunities for learners to access quality education. The Inclusive Education Policy defines the strategic path of the government for the education of all children with special educational needs. Inclusive schools are the most effective means to combat discriminatory attitudes and to improve cost-effectiveness of the entire education system. Focusing on inclusive education can 2.9 Implementation of the Inclusive Education policy (White Paper 6) in selected provinces of the country (South Africa) 44 . The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. Conclusion: To promote inclusive education in Zambia, it is vital that students with and without disabilities have on-going chances to interact with, and learn from, each other. Other countries of the Global South can easily decide to follow Ghana’s approach. By. of the world 49 . INCLUSIVE EDUCATION POLICY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. The success of inclusive education depends largely on a country's commitment to adopting appropriate legislation, developing policies, and providing adequate funding for implementation. Policy implementation The Inclusive Education Policy provides an opportunity for all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse learning needs of various categories of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all. In 2013, the Ghana Ministry of Education in collaboration with other stakeholders announced the Inclusive Education Policy. In-Service Tutor Development in Support of Inclusive Education. Inclusive Education has been or is being adopted by most members of the United Nations. Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. Staff, community, and media are also sensitized. Highlights Despite overall increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups of children continue to be left behind. This policy is the outcome of a series of discussions and consultations between numerous stakeholders in the education sector. A 2014 doctoral thesis noted that there is evidence of acceptance of children with disabilities into mainstream schools in Ghana, but that a number of challenges remain. inclusive education systems, and in line with EU and international priorities , the Agency published the Agency Position on Inclusive Education Systems (European Agency, 2015). Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). TRANSFERABILITY, SCALABILITY, AND COST-EFFICIENCY. Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. Social Policy and Social Spending in Zimbabwe: 1980 to 2015; Social Policy and the Quest for Inclusive Development: Research Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa; The Human Rights-Based Approach to Social Protection (Issue Brief 2) The Riddle of Distance Education: Promise, … 2.10 Implementation of Inclusive Education in selected countries . The education ... (ii) Sub-theme 2. 2.5.2 Professional support 35 . This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Basic Education. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy of 2013 is a national legally-binding policy. Ensuring that #LearningNeverStops in the COVID-19 pandemic, Changing the future for girls in Krachie East through STEM, 400,000 children in Ghana not enrolled in pre-primary education - UNICEF, Improving the lives of children with special needs, THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. Despite the development of 2.5.5 The role of stakeholders 37 . A learner with autism supported by a caregiver, participating in mainstream school. The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. The conclusion shows that Ghana has initiated a policy to embark on the implementation and practice of inclusive education, that is, including disabled children in the regular schools. Policy implementation is assumed by its numerous agencies; the Ghana Education Service (GES) is responsible for the coordination of national education policy on pre-tertiary education. This is the only way that stereotypes and ill-informed misconceptions about disabilities can be Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. [89] 2.5.4 Human, material and physical support 36 . This involves qualified personnel (administrators), community involvement and support, and a political will from the government. In Ghana, we have had about six initiatives/models of implementation of Inclusive Education. In the majority of cases, children simply need good, clear and accessible teaching. The responsibilities of ministries are clearly defined and the government is the principal funder. Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (barrier-free DOC) Ghana’s Policy on Inclusive Education: A tool for national development. Inclusive Education in Ghana: a look at policy, and practice in Northern Ghana Final Draft (January 26, 2011) By Leslie Casely-Hayford, Thomas Quansah, Patience Tetteh, Rukaya Adams, and Imranah Adams, Associates for Change1 For the Voluntary Service Organisation (VSO, Ghana) As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. Inclusive Education South Africa is a registered non-profit organization. This policy is focused on the informal educational sector which … Inclusive Education in Ghana An Analysis of Policies and the Practices in One Mainstream School and One Inclusive School in the Greater Accra Region Ida Marie Brandt Pekeberg Master thesis M.Phil. Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. anthony.boateng@mail.com, Media – UNICEF Ghana, 2014: http://www.unicef.org/ghana/media_8503.html Inclusive Education - Standards and Guidelines Putting Inclusive Education into practice in Ghana UNICEF/UN578611/QUARMYNE. Gender equality and social inclusion are, therefore, at the heart of the STAR Ghana Foundation. Ghana’s Inclusive Education (IE) Policy transcends the idea of physical location and incorporates basic values that promote participation, friendship, and interaction. ... Special and Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Kenya, 1963 to 2016. Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. The involvement of non-state actors was key to the policy’s adoption, along with an accompanying implementation plan. of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. The Policy is a national document which is clear cut and comprehensive to give guidance to Inclusive Education implementation in Ghana. ... Inclusive Education Implementation Materials It was decided to integrate them in ordinary schools, to “mainstream” them in subjects where they were able to follow the subjects and then to add special education classes to respond to their added needs. inclusive society is dependent on how well social services are planned, prepared and supported. jeleel@inclusion-ghana.org The Strategic The policy is complemented by a comprehensive five-year implementation plan (2015–2019) that includes indicators, a timeframe, a budget, and responsible stakeholders for each action to be undertaken. The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. aarthur@unicef.org Although the influence of international organizations and policies was not obvious in Ghana's special education before the Salamanca Statement of 1994 (UNESCO, 1994), the same cannot be said about the country's special education policies after the Salamanca call to give priority to inclusive education. Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education (IE) policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. 2.8 The Inclusive Education policy 41 . 2.5.3 Resource utilization 36 . For a full copy of the Inclusive Education Policy,or if you have concerns related to learners with special educational needs, please contact: the Special Education Division (SpED) of the Ghana … Both private and public schools in Ghana must implement Inclusive Education and cannot deny admission. A Policy that stipulate that inclusive education for all children has already received approval from Mr Jacob Kor, the Director-General of the Ghana Education Service waiting for final approval from the Minister Professor Jane Naana Opoku Agyemang. Addressing the lack of data, UNICEF recently conducted an impact assessment, soon to be published. As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Basic Education. 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