The electron transport chain is a collection of proteins found on the inner membrane of mitochondria. ATP synthase uses this electrochemical gradient to make ATP. The electron transport chain moves protons across the thylakoid membrane into the lumen. At the same time, splitting of water adds protons to the lumen, and reduction of NADPH removes protons from the stroma. Which of the following best explains the mechanism by which photosystem I (PS I) and photosystem II (PS II) operate during linear electron flow? energizes an electron in the green organic pigment chlorophyll, enabling electron to move along an electron-transport chain in the thylakoid membrane. During the electron transport process H+ is pumped across the thylakoid membrane, and resulting The electron transport chain is a series of electron transporters embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane that shuttles electrons from NADH and FADH 2 to molecular oxygen. The thylakoid membrane is where much of this occurs, and we will discuss its role here. In photosynthesis, the electrons that travel through the electron transport chain in the thylakoid membrane comes from water. 1)Electrons flow from PS I to PS II, gaining potential energy to be later used in … The electron transport chain is a series of protein complexes and electron carrier molecules within the inner membrane of mitochondria that generate ATP for energy. ; Electrons are passed along the chain from protein complex to protein complex until they are donated to … 1976 Feb 16; 423 (2):313–322. Here is the rest of the question: In the thylakoid membrane, two photosystems are involved in the light reactions of photosynthesis. NADH release the hydrogen ions and electrons into the transport chain. Effects of magnesium and chloride ions on light-induced electron transport in membrane fragments from a blue-green alga. Ono T, Murata N. Photosynthetic electron transport and phosphorylation reactions in thylakoid membranes from the blue-green alga Anacystis nidulans. The chlorophyll obtains its electrons from water by producing oxygen as a by products. In eukaryotic organisms, the electron transport chain is found embedded in the inner membrane of the mitochondria, in bacteria it is found in the cell membrane, and in case of plant cells, it is present in the thylakoid membrane of the chloroplasts. reation of a pH gradient by pumping protons across the thylakoid membrane Carbon fixation in the stroma Removal of electrons from chlorophyll molecules Reduction of NADP+ molecules ... oxidation of electron transport chain between the two photosystems light absorbtion reduction of primary electron acceptor. Explanation: Water supply the initial electron in photosynthesis. The net result is a low pH in the thylakoid lumen, and a high pH in the stroma. At the same time, splitting of water adds protons to the lumen, and reduction of NADPH removes protons from the stroma. Schematic of electron transport and proton translocation in the thylakoid membrane. The second electron will then shoot up and travel down a similar electron transport chain… Biochim Biophys Acta. Biochim Biophys Acta. In the process, protons are pumped from the mitochondrial matrix to the intermembrane space, and oxygen is reduced to form water. In the process of cellular respiration, the molecules of NADH donates some of the electrons, which passes through the electron transport chain. The net result is a low pH in the thylakoid lumen, and a high pH in the stroma. The electron transport chain moves protons across the thylakoid membrane into the lumen. In photosynthesis, the electron that travels through the electron transport chain in the thylakoid membrane comes from _____. 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